When can a landlord evict law-abiding tenants to renovate?


When can a landlord evict law-abiding tenants in order to effect refurbishments? And when can a landlord evict tenants for this reason on an urgent basis? These two questions are currently before the Constitutional Court in an application for leave to appeal an eviction which was ordered by the High Court on 23 May 2018.

Background

The case concerns the fate of more than 50 tenants of a derelict building in Hillbrow, some of whom have lived on the property for as long as 25 years.

The buildings are owned by Lewray Investments and managed by Urban Taskforce Investments.

The building which forms the subject of the dispute was erected in 1954. It is currently in a poor condition and in need of refurbishment. This is not disputed by any of the parties.

What is in dispute however, is what process must be followed to effect refurbishments and what the respective rights of the tenants and landlord are in these circumstances.

In January 2018, the landlord provided the tenants with a notice to vacate the property, so as to do the refurbishments. In the notice, the landlord offered to relocate the tenants to another building which it owns. Alternatively, it offered the tenants a R5,000 cash payment as compensation.

The tenants interpreted the notice as an eviction notice and referred a dispute to the Rental Housing Tribunal.

According to the Constitution a person cannot be evicted without a court order. A landlord must follow the procedure set out by the Prevention of Illegal Eviction and Unlawful Occupation Act (PIE Act).

The Rental Housing Tribunal made its ruling on 5 March 2018. The Tribunal ruled that the landlord’s notice was merely a notice to vacate the property and not an eviction notice. It also found that the notice provided the tenants with two options. Their first option was to vacate the property in which case they would be entitled not to pay rent for that period. Alternatively, they could remain on the property, but this would mean that they would have no claim for damages should they sustain injuries or damage during the refurbishment. The Tribunal also said that should the tenants choose to vacate the property, the landlord must provide them with alternative accommodation and offer them the sum of R2,500 as compensation.

After the Tribunal’s order, the landlord sent another notice to the tenants. This time it instructed the tenants to vacate the property immediately. The tenants refused to vacate. The landlord then approached the High Court on an urgent basis to evict the tenants. The High Court granted this order on 23 May 2018. The tenants applied for leave to appeal, but this was refused by the Court. They then approached the Supreme Court of Appeal for leave to appeal but this application was also rejected.

Urgency

In a last effort to set aside their eviction, the tenants approached the Constitutional Court for relief. In their papers they raise two main arguments. First, that the High Court applied the wrong procedure for urgent evictions. Secondly, that the eviction is improper because it circumvents the PIE Act and related regulations.

The tenants argue that the High Court applied the incorrect procedure for urgent evictions. This is because the PIE Act requires, amongst other things, that the property pose a real and imminent danger of substantial injury to person or property. Although the building was in a poor condition this and other requirements in the PIE Act were not met. The tenants argue that the High Court conceded this, but instead of applying this test, which is set out in Section 5 of the PIE Act, the High Court applied the test for urgent applications, which is set out in the High Court rules.

The tenants argue that the High Court’s approach has grave consequences for poor and vulnerable tenants. This is because in adopting this approach, the High Court accepted financial expediency as a basis to grant an urgent eviction. The tenants argue that this infringes their constitutional rights and urgent evictions may only be granted under the strict circumstances laid down by the PIE Act.

Improper Eviction

The second main argument the tenants raise is that the eviction violated the Gauteng Regulations to the Rental Housing Act. These regulate when tenants may be evicted in order to make refurbishments.

The tenants highlight a few elements of the regulations. First, they only permit the landlord to cancel the lease and evict a tenant if the property is uninhabitable. Second, they give the tenant the right to return to a property of the same size when the refurbishments are complete. Third, the regulations provide that the tenants are entitled to not pay rent during the period of refurbishments. The tenants argue that the regulations try to bridge the power imbalance between poor and vulnerable tenants in derelict buildings and powerful landlords.

The tenants argue that the High Court violated the Regulations and the PIE Act in three ways. First, the High Court erred by finding that the tenants were “unlawful occupiers” in terms of the PIE Act and could therefore be evicted. This contravenes the PIE Act because it defines an unlawful occupier as someone who has no legal right to be on the property. However, it was common cause that the tenants had paid all their rent which was due and the lease had not been cancelled.

Second, the High Court acknowledged that the landlord intended to destroy the current flats and sub-divide them. So the tenants right to return to the same property would be violated because they would be returning to smaller units.

Third, the High Court refused to stop the tenants’ rent during the refurbishment period as required by the regulations.

Relief Sought

The tenants argue that the eviction should be set aside and the tenants must be housed in units of the same size and be entitled to a remission of rental.

The landlord’s arguments

The landlord argues that the question of the correct test for urgency is moot because the tenants have already been relocated following a consent order granted on 8 September 2018. As far as the question of the regulations and not having to pay rent go, the landlord argues that the Rental Housing Tribunal and not the Constitutional Court is best tasked to resolve this question. This is because the question of whether a landlord may evict tenants to make refurbishments involves complex technical and economic issues that the Tribunal is best tasked to answer. The landlord also argues that to make a return on its investment it is obliged to sub-divide the units; it is not economically viable to keep the units the current size.

Why this case is important

This case raises important questions about the competing interests of landlords and tenants in derelict buildings in Johannesburg. This is an issue not only in Johannesburg but for cities across the country. As activists and communities fight against gentrification and urban renewal, the question of how these competing interests should be resolved is one the courts must urgently answer.

© 2018 GroundUp. 




No Responses to “When can a landlord evict law-abiding tenants to renovate?”

  1. REMONTKes says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    2012 colorado * Video
    2012 colorado 2012 colorado A list of Colorado’s historic blizzards and snowstorms Snow removal in 1913 at Civic Center open space. (Denver Public Library Western History Department) Denver has had its fair share of record snowfalls during the last 100 years, but three of them certainly stand out. In the first week of December 1913, 45.7 inches of snow buried the city, making snow removal a terrible challenge. The open space in front of the state capitol building, now Civic Center Park, was the destination of hundreds and hundreds of horse-drawn wagonloads of snow. A memorable blizzard descended on the …
    The post 2012 colorado * Video appeared first on Finance USA.

    Pharmacy News

  2. SHALOMKes says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    ui4u
    Rep Registration, Knights of Columbus Hockey, credit rep.Credit rep
    Rep Registration If you experience any problems trying to register, please call our office at 780-457-4527. In office registration for returning and new players will begin July 4 during office hours: Monday – Thursday: 8:30am-4:30pm Conditioning camp, tryout fees registration deposit (Bantam Midget only for the registration deposit) have to be paid before stepping on the ice. Hockey Edmonton has mandated that the “Respect in Sport” course has to be completed by a parent of the player before allowing the player on the ice. There will be no exceptions to the mandate. Players must be registered and initial fees paid …
    The post Rep Registration, Knights of Columbus Hockey, credit rep.Credit rep appeared first on Credit.

    Las-vegas Business
    speech
    bdo kabayan savings account
    hooshie
    mall
    using va home loan

    TOP 250 FREE DOFOLLOW SITE LINK LIST

    https://pro-extrim.com/xtim-city/skateboarding/waveboard.html
    http://lingvistnovikova.ru/?replytocom=17074
    http://www.technopark.tj/?p=84
    https://lorenzo.blogfree.net/?act=Post&CODE=02&f=42&t=4016151&p=15157769
    https://webkabi.net/skript-udalyonnoj-perezagruzki-wi-fi-routera-tp-link-tl-wr1042nd?replytocom=6
    http://xn--e1abxp8d.xn--p1ai/vashi-otzyvy/?replytocom=29092
    https://skinpeel.ru/chistka/nuzhna-li-vam-ultrazvukovaya-chistka-lica.html?replytocom=4150
    http://anotherfinestep.org/2017/07/9001/?replytocom=6217
    http://change-life.ru/amancio-ortega.html?replytocom=15986
    https://www.vvcl.ru/2015/07/pyanyj-za-rulem-nakazanie-s-iyulya-2015-goda/?replytocom=1091
    http://www.georgia-vs-russia.com/georgia/gruzii-udalos-izbezhat-krizisa/?replytocom=12688
    http://timewords.ru/pro-chemodan-bez-ruchki/?replytocom=9913
    http://trucksimulator2.ru/bmw-i8/?replytocom=20516
    http://kosmetic.com.ua/test-skilki-chasu-ti-prozhivesh-samostijno/?replytocom=14570
    http://1kmv.ru/2018/01/22/%d0%bb%d0%be%d0%b2%d1%83%d1%88%d0%ba%d0%b8-%d0%bd%d0%b0-%d0%b1%d0%b5%d0%bb%d0%be%d0%ba-%d0%b2-%d0%ba%d0%b8%d1%81%d0%bb%d0%be%d0%b2%d0%be%d0%b4%d1%81%d0%ba%d0%be%d0%bc-%d0%bf%d0%b0%d1%80%d0%ba%d0%b5/?replytocom=725
    http://mjwg633eonuxg5dfojzq.ojxwy23bfzzxk.nbla.ru/post.php?tid=1453
    http://deadmind.ru/vesna.html?replytocom=16340
    http://russia-in-law.ru/vidyi-deyatelnosti-envd/?replytocom=541
    http://lor-online.com.ua/lor-zabolevaniya-u-detej/zelenye-sopli-u-rebenka-chem-lechit.html?replytocom=8172
    https://www.bishopscourtpropertysale.com/contact/
    http://brotkina.ru/2015/06/12/practical-storage-hm-home/?replytocom=27839
    http://sistemauspehavmlm.com/%d1%84%d0%b0%d0%ba%d1%82%d0%be%d1%80-%d1%81%d1%83%d1%89%d0%b5%d1%81%d1%82%d0%b2%d0%b5%d0%bd%d0%bd%d0%be-%d0%b2%d0%bb%d0%b8%d1%8f%d1%8e%d1%89%d0%b8%d0%b9-%d0%bd%d0%b0-%d0%b2%d0%b0%d1%88-%d1%83%d1%81/?replytocom=2
    http://hivehoney.ru/blog/ob-istorii-poyavleniya-pchel-i-meda/?replytocom=919
    http://afalinatur.ru/
    http://nasmorknet.ru/narodnyie-sredstva/narodnyie-sredstva-ot-nasmorka.html?replytocom=38
    http://www.7.b-u-b-lic.com/mosfilmu-90-let/?replytocom=608
    https://draw-blog.ru/uslovnyiy-tekst-kotoryiy-pridumal-diza/?replytocom=30
    http://sakson.lit-dety.ru/spasibo-za-kommentarij/?replytocom=1809
    http://myltivarka.ru/kashi/molochnaya-kasha-v-multivarke-filips-3039.html?replytocom=1131
    http://shepilovsky.ru/ot-avtora/?replytocom=3
    https://dreamcar.ua/blog/gymkhana-nine/#comment-83806
    http://pohydej-ka.ru/monastyrskij-chaj-ot-kureniya?replytocom=8820
    http://maybe-invest.ru/vkladyi/vkladyi-v-rosselhozbanke-pod-protsentyi.html?replytocom=5061
    http://mir-zdoroviy.com/solyarizatsiya?replytocom=38
    http://photo-eda.com/file-dori-zapechenoe-v-duhovke/?replytocom=13302
    http://smotrimmir.ru/
    http://www.nabashidze1.ru/?page_id=2
    http://www.kak-stroil-dom.ru/house/utro-v-sosnovom-lesu.html?replytocom=9545
    http://amigurumi-toys.com/%d0%ba%d0%be%d1%88%d0%ba%d0%b0-%d0%b0%d0%bd%d0%b6%d0%b5%d0%bb%d0%b0-%d0%b0%d0%bc%d0%b8%d0%b3%d1%83%d1%80%d1%83%d0%bc%d0%b8-%d1%81%d1%85%d0%b5%d0%bc%d0%b0-%d0%b2%d1%8f%d0%b7%d0%b0%d0%bd%d0%b8%d1%8f/?replytocom=175
    http://ds15.org.ru/?page_id=8
    http://opredeleniepola.ru/calc/metod-budyanskih?replytocom=16
    https://baskoparty.ru/reviews.html?parent=4295
    https://factsforyou.com.ua/samaya-izvestnaya-fotografiya-ejnshtejna/novosti/?replytocom=854
    https://portfolio.blogfree.net/?act=Post&CODE=02&f=920971&t=4187285&p=15995941
    https://bookalive.ru/about.html?replytocom=454
    https://nepuha.ru/caphe/#comment-4250
    https://ne-nado-tak.ru/kak-ne-nado-priznavatsya-v-lyubvi/#comment-101
    http://otvertka.net/2015/04/01/fushi-bar-%d0%b2-%d1%82%d0%be%d1%80%d0%b3%d0%be%d0%b2%d0%be%d0%bc-%d1%86%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%82%d1%80%d0%b5/?replytocom=18482
    http://xn—–llcbs5cbij6j.xn--p1ai/contacts/
    http://gosmos.ru/?p=2081
    http://eliks.su/basseyny-sauny-kaminy/5793-kakuyu-vannu-sleduet-stavit.html?replytocom=15268
    http://mammyonline.ru/skrapbuking-albom/?replytocom=18130
    http://notes.biserlen.com/kievskij-okeanarium/?replytocom=12979
    https://tribute.by/2014/05/11/entry-with-audio/?replytocom=636
    https://blog.gdeslon.ru/blog/2013/12/09/v-chem-sila-vygruzok-v-seti-gde-slon/?replytocom=301887
    http://www.anti-dolg.pro/?replytocom=103
    https://blog.webeffector.ru/svyazannye-zaprosy-i-ix-rol-v-ranzhirovanii?replytocom=6387
    https://true-otzyvy.ru/krasota/sredstvo-dlja-depiljacii-epilage/?replytocom=6
    https://samaralife.wordpress.com/2016/03/16/imennye-doma-v-samare/?replytocom=51451
    http://lighttravel.ru/jotx/?parent=213
    http://test.nowinykrapkowickie.pl/comment/reply/11551
    http://osamom.ru/blog/chay-dlya-pohudeniya?replytocom=36
    http://www.great-inventions.ru/gostevaya-kniga/?replytocom=27330
    http://strmnt.com/sad/l-diz/sad-tech/trimmer-dlya-travy.html?replytocom=14385
    https://biznesbrend.ru/avto/klassyi-avtomobiley-a-vyi-znaete-po-kako?replytocom=28
    https://maxmob.ru/us_guest/reply.php?id=329
    http://new.phototravel.su/?replytocom=14884
    http://activeinvestor.pro/chto-delaet-vas-bogatym/#comment-17560
    http://rifttools.ru/archives/1103?replytocom=80584
    https://w.today/zdorove-i-krasota/allergiya/ekzema-lechenie-narodnyimi-sredstvami#comment-345
    http://s-mojka.ru/ryazan/?replytocom=282
    http://na100prazdnik.ru/allo-ha-ili-megafon-gavaji-2011/?replytocom=102191
    http://verysmartwatch.ru/stati/luchshie-umnye-chasy-v-mire/?replytocom=5902
    http://blog.e-voron.dp.ua/chto-takoe-truerms/comment-page-1/?replytocom=22514
    http://alex4fm.ru/unloading-price-into-excel/?replytocom=92
    https://easyknit.ru/glavnaya/minon-bob-kryuchkom-poshagovo-s-foto/?replytocom=21
    http://sambesedka.ru/besedka-iz-profilnoy-trubyi-svoimi-rukami/#comment-9
    http://video-kursov.ru/video-courses/videokurs-dizayn-i-oformlenie-interera
    http://foundation-stroy.ru/10-drugaja/fundament-na-gline-kakoj-luchshe-new?replytocom=8399
    http://proizvodstvo2.ru/kak-stati-uverennim-v-sebe-chelovekom/?replytocom=29916
    http://go73.ru/2013/05/17-milliona-dollarov-sud-xochet-vzyskat-s-vladelca-foruma-za-obsuzhdenie-zastrojshhika/1727917.html
    http://easy-woman.ru/debetovaya-karta-tinkoff.html?replytocom=5
    http://tanyasakara.ru/puteshestvie-v-rim/?replytocom=682
    https://keynod.ru/vosstanovit-dokument-word.html?replytocom=54
    http://skydivable.ru/aboutblog/?replytocom=7
    http://vnovokosino.ru/
    http://rem-super.ru/solynaya-karyera-ferdzhi.html?replytocom=8500
    http://ford-master.ru/umer-li-yakokka-sozdatel-ford-mustang/
    http://dom-v-sadu-ogorode.ru/?p=1
    http://b-taldaschool.ru/razrabotchiki-sajta?replytocom=22529
    http://carloadexpress.com/about-us/comment-form/
    https://lexus.pro-motors.ru/test-drive-1564/58676.htm
    http://www.dnevnik-tankista.ru/news-ny201-bonus-code/?replytocom=1036
    https://moscowclubs.wordpress.com/2009/09/18/rus-club/?replytocom=102
    https://kurbanov.kz/contacts/
    http://qclk.ru/f-stroitelnye-materialy/oblitsovochnyj-kamen.html?replytocom=794
    http://computer.lviv.ua/news/1108147327/
    https://sweet-cards.webnode.ru/
    http://apollo.uz/%d1%82%d1%80%d0%b0%d0%bd%d1%81%d0%bf%d0%bb%d0%b0%d0%bd%d1%82%d0%b0%d1%86%d0%b8%d1%8f-%d0%b2-apollo-hospitals-%d1%8d%d1%82%d0%be-%d0%be%d1%87%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%8c-%d1%81%d0%b5%d1%80%d1%8c%d0%b5%d0%b7/?replytocom=10560
    https://2a-media.ru/sed-faucibus-tristique-nisi-sit-amet-lacinia/?replytocom=9327
    https://hivrus.wordpress.com/2009/09/26/hello-world/?replytocom=2
    http://galereya-kollektsioner.ru/?replytocom=443
    http://school1.inmart.online/?page_id=234
    http://algol-res.ru/
    https://biznessvinete.ru/chto-takoe-setevoj-marketing/?replytocom=31
    http://www.prikol.ru/2010/07/19/spasenie-utyat-17-foto/?replytocom=30582
    http://lvova-tv.ru/?p=1377
    http://xn—–8kcr2adfdafgepaikuhz8q.xn--p1ai/forum/%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9-%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82-iphone/193-%D1%83%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BC%D1%8F%D1%82%D0%B8-%D0%B4%D0%BE-64gb-%D0%BD%D0%B0-iphone/reply
    http://molvers.ru/hello-world/?replytocom=1293
    http://mylegoland.ru/sellstarted/?replytocom=1022
    http://www.uniteddancecomplex.ru/2016/09/08/%d0%bf%d1%80%d0%b8%d0%b2%d0%b5%d1%82-%d0%bc%d0%b8%d1%80/?replytocom=16509
    http://tl.magtu.ru/%d0%b1%d1%83%d1%82%d0%be%d0%bd/?replytocom=19
    https://www.acc-limo.by/vopros-otvet.html?parent=2326
    http://busremont.ru/2015/02/03/prodazha-avtobusov-v-rf-i-rb/?replytocom=2
    https://yandex-ru.ru/pochta-yandeks/kak-vosstanovit-elektronnuyu-pochtu-na-yandekse-po-nomeru-telefona.html?replytocom=1373
    http://crazy-traveller.ru/2017/04/03/luxexpress-vs-ecolines/?replytocom=170110
    http://tapovan.info/agnihotra/?replytocom=2
    http://win10help.ru/instruktsii/goryachie-klavishi-windows-10.html?replytocom=15321
    http://fantasyland.info/?p=537
    http://vkursegorod.ru/grand-hotel-holiday-resort-4/
    https://kovk.wordpress.com/comment-page-1/?replytocom=4782
    http://visa-vologda.ru/?replytocom=14603
    http://nagual-rat.ru/?replytocom=5997
    http://massagnalchik.ru/kontakty-2?replytocom=20485
    https://holodov.spb.ru/otzyvy/xoroshij-otzyv.html?replytocom=14420
    http://globy.b-konstruktor.com/climbing-articles/gallery-post-format/?replytocom=581
    http://cupely.ru/derevyannaya-kupel/?replytocom=98293
    http://www.zatoka-minsk.com/
    http://bankturovsurgut.ru/resort/?replytocom=15153
    http://fr79876a.bget.ru/welcome/?replytocom=5
    http://reiseservice-visit.info/news/privet-mir.html?replytocom=2
    http://kostryba-blog.ru/2019/07/04/%d0%ba%d0%b0%d0%ba-%d1%8f-%d0%ba%d0%be%d0%bf%d0%bb%d1%8e-%d0%b4%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%8c%d0%b3%d0%b8-%d0%bd%d0%b0-%d0%be%d0%b1%d1%83%d1%87%d0%b5%d0%bd%d0%b8%d0%b5-it-%d0%bf%d1%80%d0%be%d1%84%d0%b5%d1%81/
    https://rustic-slicker.ru/liter/alma-mater/zachetka/?replytocom=7
    http://hotel27region.ru/review.html?parent=51
    http://blog.schola-samopoznaniya.ru/zhizn-gruppy-chast-1-matrica/?replytocom=18897
    https://daggerxlrussian.wordpress.com/downloads/?replytocom=97
    https://sochi.citifox.ru/event/khlorka/#comment-19356
    http://creditvd.com/news/realty/veernye-golodovki-obmanutyx-rossijskix-dolshhikov.html?replytocom=688
    http://wydacha.ru/prodvizhenie/birzha-statej-webartex-ru-otzyvy/?replytocom=1299
    https://san-sanych.od.ua/santehniki/ustanovka_ymuvalnika.html?parent=2161
    https://ispanianeizvedannaya.wordpress.com/about/?replytocom=169
    https://niti-sudby.webnode.ru/
    https://morelux.wordpress.com/2010/08/26/usrus/?replytocom=44
    http://daco.ru/contact-us
    http://www.tool55.ru/norton-clipper/?replytocom=192853
    http://mopjes.net/handleiding
    http://kmt.big8.tv/ix-vneshnyaya-politika-blog-evgeniya-dobrotvorskogo/?replytocom=3601
    http://xn--b1aqbiftj7e1a.xn--80aite7g.xn--p1ai/%d0%bf%d1%80%d0%be%d0%ba%d0%b0%d1%82-%d0%b4%d0%b5%d1%82%d1%81%d0%ba%d0%b0%d1%8f-%d0%bf%d1%80%d0%be%d0%b3%d1%83%d0%bb%d0%be%d1%87%d0%bd%d0%b0%d1%8f-%d0%ba%d0%be%d0%bb%d1%8f%d1%81%d0%ba%d0%b0/?replytocom=1437
    http://wordlabs.ru/wp-content/plugins/si-captcha-for-wordpress/captcha/securimage_show.php?si_form_id=com&prefix=CHcmwqRsP86EzKyu
    https://vladimir-putin.su/669/nuzhno-vyrabatyvat-protivodejstvie/#comment-12709
    http://orgazm.org.ua/13-faktov-o-gipnoze/?replytocom=9893
    http://banquettes.ru/prazdniki/svadba/stsenarii-sv/veselyiy-vtorogo-dnya.html?replytocom=89
    https://dzutic.wordpress.com/2010/03/21/wlw-and-tweetmeme/?replytocom=347
    http://a590.ru/70-let-pobedy/?replytocom=8324
    http://kinoobzor.info/best-historical-films.html?replytocom=22
    https://logoped72.webnode.ru/gostevaya-kniga/
    https://cstelzl.de/index.php?id=90
    https://ok-guide.ru/skolko-mozhno-dobavit-druzey-v-odnoklassnikah-v-den?replytocom=887
    http://alchonokbiz.ru/chto-takoe-finansovaya-piramida/?replytocom=198
    https://robinzon.kiev.ua/2017/02/08/kak-sozdat-otlichnyj-interer-v-gostinoj/?replytocom=20092
    http://boxfr.ru/?replytocom=731
    http://think-link.ru/komu-doverit-seo/?replytocom=671
    http://vettorg.ru/guestbook/
    http://chelny-week.ru/2016/08/v-chelnakh-snesut-larki-proizvoditelya-obamki/?replytocom=25519
    http://remedine.kz/?p=1
    http://xdgif.ru/golovoj-v-dver/?replytocom=74593
    http://vsevkurse.com/dolshhiki-zhdut-ogni-podrezkovo/?replytocom=34845
    http://utilizaciya-auto.ru/avtomobili/skidka-ford/?replytocom=562
    http://napolshu.com/biznes-v-polshe.html?replytocom=1036
    http://rubenbrain.ru/novogdnie-fishki/novogodnie-snezhinki-na-sayt?replytocom=1582
    http://vizov-urolog.ru/tur-prostaty-ili-transuretralnaya-rezektsiya/?replytocom=1599
    http://kipr.in.ua/arenda-vip-yaxty.html?replytocom=82
    http://mariasheveleva.com/?replytocom=13762
    http://xn--9-8sbf4ait.xn--p1ai/zimnie-razvlecheniya/?replytocom=8648
    http://robotclass.ru/tutorials/arduino-ir-remote-control/?replytocom=13875
    http://grodno.of.by/cifrovoe-televidenie-v-grodno-nachinaet-svoyu-rabotu.html?replytocom=4
    http://jaguar-parts.ru/bmw-gotovit-sopernika-dlya-mercedes-amg-s65/#comment-6168
    http://luxoptika.ru/podarok-za-primernoe-povedenie/?replytocom=1677
    http://zoohook.ru/zhivotnye/chto-delat-esli-koshka-poteryalas-na-ulice?replytocom=49
    https://crimea-your.ru/foros/?replytocom=52
    http://turiztik.ru/?page_id=42
    http://nullpro.info/wp-content/plugins/si-captcha-for-wordpress/captcha/securimage_show.php?si_form_id=com&prefix=MpuMvhM3mLCnbzL8
    http://pts27.ru/privet-mir/?replytocom=15468
    http://gogadgets.ru/sportivnye-smart-ochki-oakley-postupili-v-svobodnuyu-prodazhu/
    http://bdatre.ru/?page_id=2014
    http://shop.indpost.ru/users/register.html?agreed=true
    http://128.by/hello-world/?replytocom=1414
    https://manspep.ru/sportandhealth/kak-izbavitsya-ot-gribka-na-nogtyax-nog.html?replytocom=1191
    http://domasniyelektromaster.ru/?replytocom=19301
    http://um-telo.ru/obo-mne/comment-page-1?replytocom=13420
    https://viktorpotemkin.ru/pro-sajty/?replytocom=171
    http://true-heaven.com/2016/08/27/who-is-who/?replytocom=18316
    http://irifaro.ru/forum-2?replytocom=2519
    http://oraboteonlain.ru/?p=11
    http://prazdnik.style/pellentesque-lacus-arcu/vivamus-vel-sem-at/?replytocom=529
    http://bear-loka.spb.ru/books/?replytocom=32392
    http://www.absolutehome.ru/pages/vybor-vhodnoj-dveri/?replytocom=14023
    http://touchpoints.ru/?p=573
    http://vshi-gnidy-pedikulez.ru/zabolevshemu/kak_izbavitsya_ot_vshei/?replytocom=182
    http://paneristi.pl/newreply.php?do=newreply&p=4167
    http://skazka55.ru/stranitsa-otzyvov/?replytocom=136
    http://lefrafa.ru/francuzskie-poslovicy-i-pogovorki/?replytocom=201
    http://unpf.com.ua/2013/11/21/armlifting-druzhby-narodov/?replytocom=25624
    http://minerall.su/products-page/busy-i-kulony/herkimer-dajmond/?replytocom=550
    http://www.bu-akpp.ru/?replytocom=2846
    http://rzntime.ru/kryak-dlya-gta-5-na-pk-skachat/
    https://pravo.guru/gilishnoe-pr/nedvigimost/kvartira/tszh/audit.html?replytocom=21060
    http://kotlarskiy.ru/617-2/?replytocom=7207
    http://dostupniykredit.ru/vzyat-dengi-v-dolg-onlajn-na-kartu.html?replytocom=883
    http://gushan.ru/svinina-zharenaya/?replytocom=432
    http://kurviks.ru/ovoshhi/kak-uvelichit-urozhaj-pomidorov.html?replytocom=295
    http://chop-rsb.ru/services/protection-objects/?replytocom=900
    http://net-domen.ru/spravka/filename-extension/rasshirenie-fajla-doc/?replytocom=1981
    http://www.realestate.in.th/w-66738/Details:-Anaheim-Finance-Advanced-News.-
    https://olimpclub.ks.ua/yoga-ili-pilates-v-chem-raznitsa-i-chto-vyibrat/#comment-16190
    http://printkult.ru/uslugi/pechat-na-tekstile.html?replytocom=12190
    http://9ib.ru/vkp-img/?replytocom=35
    https://krym-kanaka.ru/kontakty/bronirovanie.html?parent=55
    http://sh-music.ru/248/?replytocom=79
    https://pozitivu-da.ru/health/oblivanie-holodnoy-vodoy.html/comment-page-1?replytocom=185
    http://vsemledi.ru/poddelnye-chasy-obeshhayut-vse-preimushhestva-originalnyh-chasov/?replytocom=9265
    http://uk-stp.ru/wp-content/plugins/captcha-code-authentication/captcha_code_file.php?rand=67600038
    http://rumyantsevatv.ru/news/xochu-predupredit-svoix-uvazhaemyx-klientov-vam-otvetit-mozhet-moj-virtualnyj-sekretar/
    http://dyak.obr71.ru/contact/
    http://sekreti-mira.ru/prixod-gitlera/?replytocom=133
    http://pocketsun.net/excel/oshibka-v-excel-compile-error-in-hidden-module/?replytocom=293
    https://forum.reallusion.com/297011/Post.aspx?TopicID=297011&PageIndex=1&Task=PostTopicReply&ParentID=297011
    http://petushkovbiz.ru/wppage/kouching-lef/?replytocom=18462
    https://pavelbelyavskiy.wordpress.com/2011/06/26/bez_tonirovki/?replytocom=23
    http://betingmaster.ru/2017/07/21/www3-betcity-mk_ru/?replytocom=81004
    http://avtopyti.ru/?page_id=9
    https://kafinf.wordpress.com/?replytocom=915
    http://goshsstalker.ru/m1-placeholder-two/?replytocom=1981
    http://magic-plant.ru/lekarstvennye-rasteniya/gorets-ptichij?replytocom=469
    https://fazan.ua/reviews.html?replytocom=78
    http://3d-max.ru/contacts
    http://e-collection.ru/vopros-otvet/zakaz
    http://chita-doverie.ru/korrekciya-zastenchivogo-povedeniya-u-podrostkov/?replytocom=118
    http://free-diplomiks.com/diplom-inzhenera-elektrika?parent=40
    http://www.igorkrasnov.ru/blog/?p=5
    http://s-dn.ru/?p=1
    http://goodoshnikov.ru/?p=656
    https://getfastblog.wordpress.com/2010/12/03/hello-world/?replytocom=1
    http://thybox.ru/?replytocom=18161
    http://uchebnaya-tehnika.ru/?replytocom=2105
    https://textrunet.ru/2011/04/06/razlaminirovanie-dokumentov-doma-sv/?replytocom=1403
    http://regim.od.ua/?page_id=10
    http://thehazelcat.com/109/
    https://psychange.ru/blog/problemy-v-otnoshenijah.html?replytocom=870
    http://nsoboleva.com/my-dumaem/?replytocom=16123

Leave a Reply

Quick Phone

Paul Kampel: +27 11 483 0966

Emma Allen: +27 11 483 0966

Jenna Friedman: +27 11 483 0966

Quick Emails

Paul Kampel: paul@kkalaw.co.za

Emma Allen: emma@kkalaw.co.za

Jenna Friedman: jenna@kkalaw.co.za

GPS CO-ORDINATES

S26° 9.385′, E28° 3.507′

KK Attorneys

KK Attorneys is based in Johannesburg, South Africa and formed in early 2011, Kampel Kaufmann Attorneys draws from the experience of attorneys who have spent years in the 'Big firm' working.. Read More About Us

Follow us